In this space we can share and find a variety of documents concerning gender-based violence, including programming documents, research, tools, and other resources. If you have an idea for additional information you'd like to see on this page, or if you have any other questions or comments about this page, write to Leigh Stefanik at Lstefanik@care.org.


The GBV Working Group


Sexual Exploitation and Abuse


GBV Programming Docs


CARE Country Office docs on programming

Learn about what your fellow COs are doing! In this space, we can share programming approaches, research, case studies, or other documents to help us learn from one another and stay connected.

Overview of CARE's GBV Programming
This 2-page brief gives a broad overview of CARE's GBV work, strategy, and capacity. It is intended to be used for a wide range of audiences.

GBV Issue Brief - includes overview to GBV and US policy asks.

COVAW Case Study - case study on cost of violence against women project, and importance of engaging men and boys. Includes US policy asks.

16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence


Global Mapping of CARE's GBV Projects (September, 2010)
This mapping provides an overview of CARE's GBV work worldwide, focusing on the strategies projects are using to address GBV. An Annex provides brief synopses for 71 out of 77 total GBV projects. The full version of the mapping report is intended for internal audiences only. To obtain a copy of the report, please write to Leigh Stefanik at Lstefanik@care.org. You can see a presentation on the findings of the mapping given to the Interagency Gender Working Group (IGWG).

Bangladesh

Benin

Ethiopia
  • Watch Dr. Feven Tassew's presentation on TEFSA, CARE's program supporting married children in Ethiopia. You can also see her slides here.

Ghana

Great Lakes
  • Guidelines for grassroots advocacy: The Great Lakes Advocacy Initiative (GLAI) is a regional advocacy initiative by CARE Rwanda, Burundi, and Uganda to support, network, and build capacity of local activists against GBV. As a part of this initiative, each country office created an advocacy guide for grassroots activists. The guides are similar, but tailored to the specific country context and laws. Advocacy guide for Burundi, Advocacy guide for Rwanda, Advocacy guide for Uganda

South Africa
  • Audit of USAID/Southern Africa's Gender-Related HIV/AIDS Activities. Recognizing that gender norms and inequalities drive the HIV/AIDS epidemic, USAID implemented activities in South Africa focusing on gender strategies to reduce women's greater vulnerability to HIV/AIDS, including women's legal protection, addressing male norms, and reducing violence against women. This report evaluates five activities that focus on these gender strategies, including social mobilization (Project Concern), savings and loan (CARE), promoting positive male norms (Johns Hopkins University), and improving access to treatment and justice for survivors of sexual violence (WJEI).


Sri Lanka

Zambia
  • New! Case study: One-Stop Model of Support for Survivors of Gender-Based Violence: Lessons from CARE Zambia (June 2013). This 9 page case study features CARE's work on the ASAZA (A Safer Zambia) project in Zambia to highlight the lessons of a one-stop model for GBV response.
  • Zambia GBV Programming Evaluation (August 2010). Summative evaluation of CARE Zambia's GBV projects: USAID-funded "A Safer Zambia" (ASAZA) focused on GBV prevention, care, and support for survivors through one-stop coordinated response centers (CRCs); and a CDC-funded program to provide one-stop services for sexually-abused children and temporary shelter and medical services for vulnerable children.



External docs on GBV programming


Learning session on the role of men and boys in GBV programming
In August 2012, CARE attended a learning event on the role of men and boys in GBV programming, hosted by the InterAction GBV Working Group in Washington, DC. We enjoyed presentations by Raising Voices on their prevention programs and lessons learned working with men; Women’s Refugee Commission with an overview of current approaches to engaging men in prevention; and IRC on caring for boy survivors of sexual violence. Click the links to access the presentations.

Comprehensive Responses to GBV in Low-Resource Settings
Population Council, June 2010
From 2006-2009, the Population Council undertook a program of technical assistance and research to strengthen the evidence base on gender-based violence (SGBV) programming in sub-Saharan Africa. This document reviews the findings, lessons learned, and promising practices in the provision of comprehensive SGBV services in sub-Saharan Africa. These findings are intended to serve as a resource for programmers and policymakers throughout the region, and contribute to the emerging evidence-base on such program strategies.

Report: Preventing Intimate Partner & Sexual Violence against Women
World Health Organization, 2010
This document aims to provide sufficient information for policy-makers and planners to develop data-driven and evidence-based programs for preventing intimate partner and sexual violence against women. At present, only one strategy has evidence supporting its effectiveness – and this only relates to intimate partner violence. The strategy in question is the use of school-based programs to prevent violence within dating relationships. Evidence, however, is emerging of the effectiveness of a number of other strategies for preventing intimate partner and sexual violence, including microfinance programs for women combined with gender-equality education; efforts to reduce access to and harmful use of alcohol; and changing social and cultural gender norms.

MSF Belgium Report on Sexual violence: The report aims to continue to highlight the existence and consequence of sexual violence emphasizing the importance of provision of adequate and timely medical care. MSF shares its experience in providing care for victims of sexual violence in the field with examples of five specific contexts in Colombia, Liberia, Burundi, DRC and South Africa. The report is available in EnglishFrenchSpanish

Synchronizing Gender Strategies: A Cooperative Model for Improving Reproductive Health and Transforming Gender Relations (Oct 2010)
This concept paper, written for the Interagency Gender Working Group, takes gender transformation to the next step, to what has been communally termed “gender synchronization.” Gender synchronization means working with men and women, boys and girls, in an intentional and mutually reinforcing way that challenges gender norms, catalyzes the achievement of gender equality, and improves health. This concept paper provides examples of synchronized approaches that have worked first with women and girls, or first with men and boys, and describes interventions that have worked with both sexes from the start. It also provides examples of new and emerging programs that should be watched in the coming years for the knowledge they may contribute to the implementation of gender synchronization.

IRC - A Review of Promising Practices to Improve Case Management, Psychosocial & Mental Health Interventions, and Clinical Care for Child Survivors of Sexual Abuse


GBV & HIV/AIDS:

Addressing Violence against Women and AIDS: What Works?
WHO & UNAIDS, 2010

Preventing GBV & HIV: Lessons from the Field
USAID, November 2010
This 4-page document describes the work of two programs (Puntos de Encuentro and Raising Voices) that combine HIV and violence prevention to share successful approaches to address GBV with other program planners.

AIDSTAR-One Gender-Based Violence and HIV Technial Brief
USAID, September 2010
This technical brief is to assist HIV program planners and implementers in designing, planning, and implementing activities that integrate GBV and HIV prevention, treatment and care, and support programs.








GBV Programming Tools, Trainings & Guidelines


CARE Tools

CARE developed these toolkits to help build staff capacity in issues of gender and sexuality:
The Inner Spaces, Outer Faces Initiative (ISOFI) toolkit is designed for use by staff of international development and health organizations, and is made up of participatory group activities to help program staff to identify, explore, and challenge their own understanding of gender and sexuality in their lives, the lives of project participants and within the organizations in which they work. The toolkit is available online in Englishand French.
This manual describes the experience of CARE staff and partners in using an approach called Social Analysis and Action to identify and address the social, economic and cultural factors that influence reproductive health. The manual is available online in English, French and Spanish.


External Tools


Clinical Management of Children and Adolescents Who Have Experienced Sexual Violence - PEPFAR (February 2013)
These technical considerations serve as a guide for medical providers to address and respond to the unique needs and rights of children and adolescents who have experienced sexual violence and exploitation.

Collection of tools and resources on GBV in emergencies - UN GBV Area of Responsibility (AoR)
The GBV AoR recommends a set of essential guidelines and tools, including a ”Core Toolbox“, for all GBV practitioners in humanitarian settings.

UNHCR, Working with Men and Boy Survivors of Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in Forced Displacement
The guide aims to raise awareness of this important protection gap and provide tips on how to make SGBV programs accessible and inclusive of men and boy survivors. It is available in English and French in print and will be available online in Arabic in September 2012.

SASA! Toolkit for Prevention Violence against Women and HIV
The SASA! approach, developed by Raising Voices, has interesting tools to explore power dynamics between men and women, and demonstrates how understanding power and its effects can help us prevent violence against women and HIV infection. The approach focuses on community mobilization to change community norms. You can download the Activist Toolkit here.

E-Learning Course to Develop Field Capacity for GBV Program Management in Emergencies
A new, free e-learning course, produced by UNFPA and World Education, Inc, seeks to develop the capacity of those working to address GBV in humanitarian contexts. Its goal is to improve the knowledge of programme managers to better address the issue of gender-based violence in humanitarian emergencies. The course uses problems that practitioners currently face and case scenarios from real-life humanitarian contexts. Integrated throughout the course are the cross-cutting issues of culture, human rights, children and youth and working with men. The course is designed in four modules:
§ Module 1: Definitions of GBV and how it manifests in emergencies.
§ Module 2: Framework that supports effective programme design for GBV in emergencies.
§ Module 3: GBV Prevention Programming
§ Module 4: GBV Survivor-Centred Response Programming

E-learning course on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Humanitarian Settings is being launched by UNFPA in collaboration with Save the Children.

IASC Guidelines for GBV Interventions in Humanitarian Settings Guidelines for humanitarian actors and communities to plan, establish, and coordinate a set of minimum multisectoral interventions to prevent and response to sexual violence during the early phase of an emergency. Available here in English, French, Spanish, Farsi, Bahasa, and Arabic.

IASC Gender Handbook in Humanitarian Action: Different Needs, Equal Opportunities
This Handbook sets forth standards for the integration of gender issues from the outset of a new complex emergency or disaster, so that humanitarian services provided neither exacerbate nor inadvertently put people at risk; reach their target audience; and have maximum positive impact. Available in English, French, Spanish, Farsi, Arabic, Russian, and Chinese.

Different Needs - Equal Opportunities: Increasing Effectiveness of Humanitarian Action for Women, Girls, Boys and Men. Published in 2010, this course provides the basic steps a humanitarian worker must take to ensure gender equality in programming. The course includes information on the core issues of gender and how it relates to other aspects of humanitarian response. The three-hour, self-paced course provides information and scenarios which will enable you to practice developing gender-sensitive programming. This training is based on the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Gender Handbook and related IASC guidelines, including the Guidelines for Gender-based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings and others. Participants earn a certificate of completion. This course can be accessed on the CARE Academy.

Caring for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Emergencies Training Pack
Gender-Based Violence Area of Responsibility (GBV AoR) Working Group, 2010
This training package provides information, tools and skill development on how to sensitively work with sexual violence survivors in conflict-affected countries or complex emergencies. It also focuses on medical treatment.
This training resource is recommended by and agreed upon by global colleagues to be used as the primary gender-based violence (GBV) training resource. These materials may be of use for health care providers, women's groups, legal professionals, police, and other community members engaged in improving support for survivors. The package includes a training guide, modules on psychosocial and medical, and powerpoints. English and French versions of the Caring for Survivors Pack is accessible on the GBV AoR website at http://gbv.oneresponse.info. The Pack will be available in Arabic and Spanish on a CD Rom that will be distributed by the GBV AoR to field sites around the world.

Handbook for Coordinating GBV Interventions in Humanitarian Settings
Produced by the global GBV AoR Working Group in September, 2010, the GBV Coordination Handbook is a quick reference tool for all individuals and agencies involved in GBV programming and coordination in humanitarian/emergency settings. The handbook contains practical guidance on leadership roles, key responsibilities and specific actions to be taken when establishing and maintaining a GBV coordination mechanisms in a humanitarian setting. The goal of the handbook is to improve coordination capacity at the field level in order to facilitate accessible, prompt, confidential and appropriate services for survivors according to a basic set of principles and to put in place mechanisms to prevent GBV. The handbook can also be used as an advocacy tool to educate non-GBV programmers--including UN personnel, government officials, NGO staff and donors--about basic protection responsibilities related to GBV coordination, prevention and response.

IGWG Gender and Health eToolkit
This is an electronic collection of expert-vetted resources that provide practical “how-to” methodologies and tools on gender that are designed to move health practitioners and managers from awareness and commitment to direct application and practice in policy and program design, implementation, research, capacity building and monitoring and evaluation. The IGWG Gender and Health eToolkit is designed as a companion site to the IGWG website (www.igwg.org) which has become a premier site for gender and reproductive health information, publications, and networking. It provides access to hundreds of tools, to other gender toolkits and databases, and to prominent gender and health websites throughout the world.

IASC Guidelines for Mental Health & Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings
Guidelines to enable humanitarian actors to plan, establish and coordinate a set of minimum multi-sectoral responses to protect and improve people’s mental health and psychosocial well-being in the midst of an emergency. Available in English, French, Arabic, Spanish, and Japanese.



GBV Data Collection & Research: Tools & Ethical Guidelines


*Access more information on Ethics page of the Gender Toolkit.

Do No Harm/Ethical Guidelines for Programming and Research

Annotated Bibliography of Do No Harm Guidelines

Researching Violence against Women: A Practical Guide for Researchers and Activists

WHO Ethical & Safety Recommendations for Researching, Documenting and Monitoring Sexual Violence in Emergencies



GBV Data Gathering Tools

Overview of the Gender Based Violence Information Management System (GBVIMS): The GBVIMS was developed by IRC, UNHCR, and UNFPA to help humanitarian actors safely collect, store and analyze GBV incident data, and to help standardize the collection of GBV data across organizations, which were using different terminology, classification, and counting procedures. GBVIMS has currently been rolled out in countries Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Thailand and Uganda. For more information, visit the website at http://gbvims.org/



Sexual Violence Research Initiative (SVRI)- The SVRI aims to promote research on sexual violence and generate empirical data. The site features information on events, new publications, and capacity building tools for researching sexual violence.

WHO Technical Guidelines for Women's Health in Crises website - features tools, guidelines, trainings for researching and programming GBV and women's health in emergencies






Monitoring & Evaluation Resources


BRIDGE Gender & Indicators Overview Report
This Overview Report examines conceptual and methodological approaches to gender and measurements of change with a focus on indicators, examining current debates and good practice from the grassroots to the international levels.

Capturing Change in Women's Realities: A Critical Overview of Current Monitoring
In this document, the authors examine assumptions about M&E in the context of women’s rights, gender equality, and women’s empowerment work, where M&E approaches create particular kinds of challenges.

CARE: Experience Adapting the Most Significant Change Technique
This brief examines CARE's experience adapting the Most Significant Change (MSC) technique in a sexual, reproductive and maternal health program in Eastern Africa.

Compendium of Gender Scales
This compendium offers a number of different scales related to gender.

DFID How to Note: Guidance on M&E for Programming on VAWG
This guidance from DFID gives an overview of the different approaches and methods within the Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) toolbox and assesses their strengths and weaknesses in relation to programming on Violence against Women and Girls.


MEASURE Evaluation: M&E of GBV Prevention and Mitigation Programs
This module is designed and intended to be used as a one and a-half day training session on monitoring and evaluating gender-based violence prevention and mitigation programs.

M&E of GBV Programming: A Facilitator's Guide.pdf
This module is designed and intended to be used as a one and a-half day training session on monitoring and evaluating gender-based violence prevention and mitigation programs.

VAW Compendium of Indicators
This guide was developed for managers, organizations, and policy makers working in the field of VAW program implementation and evaluation in developing countries. Indicators can also be used by programs that may not specifically focus on VAW but include reducing levels of VAW as part of their aims.








Reports & Academic Articles on GBV




Male on Male Sexual Gender Based Violence:

*To read more about working with Men & Boys: Engaging Men & Boys


Report from Women for Women International: "Gender, Conflict and the Millennium Development Goals"
The report, released on November 25 (International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women), finds that violence against women is the single, greatest impediment to development and peace. It explores the implementation of UN SCR 1325 and the Millennium Development Goals in this, the tenth year anniversaries of both policy frameworks. For a summary of the report, click here.

Sexual Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Desk Review (March, 2010)
This document reviews what is known about sexual violence in the LAC region. It aims to explore the magnitude, patterns and risk factors associated with sexual violence, as well as the legal and policy frameworks, women’s responses to sexual violence, access to services and service responses, promising interventions, research gaps and priorities for future research.


Evolving Men: Initial Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES)
The International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) is a multi-country household survey of men’s attitudes and behaviors related to gender equality, as well as women’s reports of men’s practices. The survey was carried out from 2009 to 2010 in Brazil, Chile, Croatia, India, Mexico, and Rwanda. Topics include GBV, health, household division of labor, men's participation in child caregiving, men's and women's attitudes about gender-related policies, transactional sex, men's criminal behavior, and quality of life.


Other Resources


  • Oxfam Women and Men: Hand in Hand against Violence: Strategies and Approaches to Working with Men and Boys for Ending Violence against Women: This training resource was developed for use in Arab countries in order to teach the knowledge, attitudes, and skills needed to promote gender equality and to prevent VAW through the effective engagement of men.
  • STRIVE What Works to Prevent Partner Violence? An Evidence Overview: This document reviews the empirical evidence of what works in low- and middle-income countries to prevent violence against women by their husbands and other male partners.
  • UNFPA Ending Violence Against Women: Programming for Prevention, Protection and Care: This boolket provides practical points to consider for designing and implementing programs. The collection of "good practices" is drawn from 10 UNFPA case studies in five regions. A useful resource with clear messages and useful examples.
  • 2007 CARE GBV Mapping Report: A mapping of CARE's projects world-wide that address GBV
  • UNIFEM Virtual Knowledge Centre to End Violence against Women & Girls: The recently launched UNIFEM virtual knowledge center is a one-stop online centre that encourages and supports evidence-based programming to more efficiently and effectively design, implement, monitor and evaluate initiatives to prevent and respond to violence against women and girls.
  • The UN Secretary-General's database on Violence Against Women: Coordinated database on the extent, nature and consequences of all forms of violence against women, and on the impact and effectiveness of policies and programmes for, including best practices in, combating such violence. Each country page provides a comprehensive and easily printable list of available information on measures undertaken by the selected country.
  • New reference tool for women human rights defenders: Lists research materials dealing with the security and protection of defenders, resources that women activists can consult concerning their wellbeing and self-care, manuals dealing with how to document and monitor violations of women's rights, as well as manuals on the rights and mechanisms available to women human rights defenders at risk.
  • Gender and Health Policy: Tools and Resources: This brief gives a list of publications on gender integration, gender-based violence, men’s engagement and women’s empowerment.
  • Knowledge for Health (K4Health): This project seeks to increase the use and dissemination of evidence-based, accurate and up-to-date information to improve health service delivery and health outcomes worldwide. The K4Health platform facilitates how this information is captured, synthesized, adapted, shared, and used.
  • Communications X-Change: Developed by Futures Without Violence, this is an online library of communication materials on preventing and ending violence against women and children.

Cost of Violence Against Women


VAW Campaigns & Working Groups

  • Amnesty International STOP Violence Against Women Campaignfocuses on ending violence against women in the family and in conflict/post conflict situations: two of the most dangerous environments for women globally. Our ultimate goal is basic human rights for women and girls everywhere
  • Say No: UNiTE to End Violence Against Women UNIFEM Campaign Say NOrecords what individuals, organizations and governments worldwide are doing to end violence against women.

  • Interagency Gender Working Group (IGWG): a network comprised of NGOs, USAID, Cooperating Agencies, and the Bureau for Global Health of the USAID. This is a premier site for gender and reproductive health information, publications, and networking. A major focus of the group has been on gender education, advocacy, and the development of operational tools. In 2011-2012, CARE is the co-chair of the GBV coordination task force of the IGWG.
  • Violence Against Women Working Group
  • Donor's Working Group in Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting Site is a resource to share documents and information about donor-supported work with a particular focus on sharing lessons learned and programs that support communities worldwide to abandon FGM/C within a generation. The website offers information on publications, news & event, and resources.